The Holy Convocations

There are three feasts specified when God's people are to gather together according to Exodus 34:23. These are the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Weeks (Pentecost) and the Feast of Tabernacles. Later on in Jewish history, these three Festivals were the times when Jews tried to make a pilgrimage back to Jerusalem.

Event Scripture Referenes When Biblical
Years
Gregorian
Dates
Significance

Passover
(Pesach)

Ex. 12:1-14; Lev. 23:5; Num. 9:1-14; Num. 28:16; Deut. 16:1-7

14th day of the 1st month (Nisan)

5771
5772
5773
5774
5775
5776
5777

4/19/2011
4/7/2012
3/26/2013
4/15/2014
4/4/2015
4/23/2016
4/11/2017

Observe by cleaning out the house and eating the Passover seder
[Commemorated God's deliverance of the Hebrews from Egypt
Jews observe the Passover meal]
* Christ was crucified

Feast of Unleavened Bread
(Hag HaMatzot)

Ex. 12:15-20; Ex. 13:3-10; Lev. 23:6-8; Num. 28:17-25; Deut. 16:3,4,8

15th day of the 1st month (Nisan) until 21st

5771
5772
5773
5774
5775
5776
5777

4/20/2011
4/9/2012
3/27/2013
4/16/2014
4/5/2015
4/24/2016
4/12/2017

 

Eat unleavened bread for 7 days
15th is Shabbat. Start couting omer at sunset on 15 Nisan.
[Marked the beginning of the barley harvest
1st of three annual trips to Jerusalem]
* Christ was buried

Feast of Firstfruits
(Yom HaBikkurim)

Lev. 23:9-14; Num. 28:26

1st Sunday after Nisan 15th

5771
5772
5773
5774
5775
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4/24/2011
4/8/2012
3/31/2013
4/20/2014
4/23/2014


[Celebrated the offering of the first harvested barley to God.]
* Christ rose from the dead

Feast of Weeks
(Shauvot)
(Pentecost)

Ex. 23:16; Ex 34:22; Lev. 23:15-21; Num. 28:26; Deut. 16:9-12

50 days after the 1st Sabbath following the Passover (always a Sunday)

5771
5772
5773
5774
5775
5776
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6/8/2011 5/27/2012
5/14/2013
6/4/2014
5/24/2015
6/12/2016
5/30/2017

The day of the 50th omer since Passover.
[End of the barley harvest.
2nd of three annual trips to Jerusalem
Israel received the Torah in the wilderness.
Ruth the Moabite became an Israelite and was Kind David's great-grandmother
Redemption celebration ]
* Holy Spirit fell on Christ's followers

Feast of Trumpets
(Rosh-Hashanah)

Lev. 23:23-25; Num. 29:1-6

1st day of the 7th month (Tishri)

5771
5772
5773
5774
5775
5776
5777
5778

9/9/2012
9/29/2011
9/17/2012
9/5/2013
9/25/2014
9/14/2015
10/3/2016
9/21/2017

[Jewish Civil New Year
Sofar blasts call people to repent in the next 10 days
Make amends with people
Commemorates Adam & Eve, their sin and God's movement toward reconciling with humanity]
lasts 2 days
Shabbat
** To be fulfilled at the Resurrection of the saints

Day of Atonement
(Yom Kippur)

Lev. 16; 23:26-32; Num. 29:7-11

10th day of the 7th month (Tishri)

5771
5772
5773
5774
5775
5776
5777
5778

9/18/2012
10/8/2011
9/25/2012
9/14/2013
9/25/2014
9/14/2015
10/3/2016
9/21/2016

Fasting
[Yearly sin offering made in the Temple
Shabbat]
** To be fulfilled when Christ is honored as the perfect atonement at the Marriage Supper of the Lamb

Feast of Tabernacles
(Booths)
Sukkot

Ex. 23:16; Ex. 34:22; Lev. 23:33-36, 39-43; Num. 29:12-38; Deut. 16:13-15

15th to 22nd day of 7th month (Tishri)

5771
5772
5773
5774
5775
5776
5777
5778

9/23/2012
10/13/2011
10/1/2012
9/19/2013
10/9/2014
9/28/2015
10/17/2016
10/5/2017

[Marked the beginning of a new agricultural year
Celebrated by the construction of booths decorated with greenery for the harvesters
3rd of three annual trips to Jerusalem]
Joyous festival
** Commemorates Jesus Birth!! Mary & Joseph stayed in a sukkah when there was no room at the inn. We are to learn what it was like, living in the wilderness.
**** To be fulfilled once and for all when Jesus comes to reign in the Millennial Kingdom

Feast of Dedication
(Lights or Hanukkah)

A reference to it is found in John 10:22

25th day of 9th month (Kislev) for 8 days

5771
5772
5773
5774
5775
5776
5777
5778

12/2/2012
12/21/2011
12/9/2012
11/28/2013
12/17/2014
12/7/2015
12/25/2016
12/13/2017

Instituted around 164 B.C. after the death of Antiochus Epiphanes. The temple was cleansed after he had desecrated it.
It was commemorated over an 8-day period of lighting candles on an 8-candle lamp.

Feast of Purim
(Lots)

Esth. 9:18-32

14th & 15th days of 12th month (Adar)

5771
5772
5773
5774
5775
5776
5777

3/20/2011
3/8/2012
2/24/2013
3/16/2014
3/5/2015
3/24/2016
3/12/2017

Commemorates a time when the Jewish people living in Persia were saved from extermination
2 days long

The Biblical calendar is based on lunar cycles. The first new moon after spring was regarded as the first month of the new year. If signs of spring seemed to be appearing later than normal, an additional month was added to compensate for the deviation from the solar year. Modern astronomy provided the ability to put an exact algorithim to the calculation of the Jewish calendar.

The date for Easter each year is based upon the lunar cycle as well. Easter today is celebrated on the Sunday following the first full moon (aka Paschal Full Moon) after the spring equinox (March 21 or so). Therefore, Easter falls between March 22 and April 25 each year. The Passover is celebrated on the 14th day of the 1st month. Therefore, for rough calculation purposes, the approximate times for the Jewish festivals listed in the table above can be calculated by counting the number of months from Easter, minus a couple of weeks to back up to the appearance of the new moon that month. More specifically, back up 14 days from the Jewish celebration of the Passover to find the 1st day of the 1st month. However, when the Jewish calendar has an extra month because of leap month, Easter and Passover can be separated by several days or even weeks.